- Category: Economic, Food and Water security
- Published on 18 August 2015
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FAO’s “Global Framework for Action on Water Scarcity” noted with appreciation at the 2nd World Irrigation Forum
FAO’s partnership initiative “Coping with water scarcity in agriculture: a global framework for action in a changing climate” was recognized in the Declaration of the Meeting of Ministers at the Second World Irrigation Forum in Chiang Mai, Thailand.
The Declaration endorsed by Ministers from Bhutan, Cambodia, China, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Laos, and Nepal recognised that Agriculture Water Management (AWM) is key to enhancing water security, ensuring the sustainability of the surface and groundwater resource, achieving food security in a world confronted by limited natural resources while positively influencing the process of achieving almost all Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). As part of this, FAO’s efforts to bring sustainable agriculture and food systems to the forefront of the global Climate Change as well as the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, particularly the Global Framework for Action on Water Scarcity, were noted with appreciation.
The Global Framework for Action seeks to catalyse international cooperation on water scarcity in agriculture in the context of climate change and growing competition for water resources. Launched at the UNFCCC COP22 conference. It is a call for partners from different fields and backgrounds to join a concerted effort to support countries in implementing their intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) related to agriculture and water; and in achieving the food security and water-related targets of the SDGs.
The Global Framework for Action will be presented and discussed at the plenary session IV (PL-IV) on Sub-Theme 3: “Key and smart actions to alleviate hunger and poverty through irrigation and drainage”.
Water security—in light of climate change, population growth, and agricultural pressures on supplies—is in jeopardy across the globe. FAO expects the global population to rise by 2 billion people by 2050, and 47 percent of the world’s population could be living under severe water stress by then, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). A new report, “Water, Food Security and Human Dignity—A Nutrition Perspective,” was commissioned by the Swedish FAO Committee to examine the importance of water to global food security.
According to the report, the rate of increase of agricultural production has exceeded the rate of population growth by 30 percent in recent decades. Incidence and prevalence of overweight and obesity have ballooned, while undernourishment and famine have been significantly reduced. To relieve pressure on limited water and bring food supply in line with demand, policymakers should therefore prioritize the reduction of food waste and equitable distribution, according to the authors of the publication.
Source: FAO Water
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